GlossaryGraphicCPW2Does Bleed, CMYK, or FPO make sense to you? If the answer is no, refer to our glossary of common printing terms used in the industry. With over 130 years of experience, we can help you with your next printing project!


Bleed: printed colors that extend past the edge of a page. The bleed area is larger than the final trim size.

CMYKan abbreviation for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Key (black), which are the process colors

Coated Paperpaper with a coating of clay and other substances that improves reflectivity and ink holdout

Color Bara strip of small blocks of color on a proof or press sheet to help evaluate color

Crop Markslines near the edge of an image indicating portions to be reproduced

Die: a device made out of sharp steel that is used to cut, score, stamp, emboss, or deboss irregular shapes

Diecuttinga process by which a die made out of sharp steel is used to cut irregular shapes in printed sheets

Duotonean image in which the picture elements have only two color values

Four Color Processthe process of combining four basic colors (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black) to create a printed color picture

FPOabbreviation for the term for position only 

Gripper Edgeedge of a sheet held by grippers on a sheetfed press, thus going first through the press. Alternate terms: feeding edge or leading edge 

Hot Stampmethod of printing that releases foil from its backing when stamped with the heated die

Imprintadding copy to a previously printed page

Landscapeprinting a page so that when positioned for reading, the width is greater than the height

Lead Timetime allotted for delivery of materials ordered from the manufacturer

Monochromedescribes an image printed in a singe ink color

Overprintto print one image over a previously printed image. (e.g. printing type over a screen tint.) Alternative terms: subprint

Pantone Matching Systems (PMS)most popular color matching systems used in the printing industry

Platea metal sheet carrying an image to be reproduced using a printing press

Portraitprinting on a page so that when positioned for reading, the height is greater than the width

Prepressall activities required to prepare a job for the plate making process

Reprintreturn of a job that has already been printed and has no changes

Spot Colorprinting with one or more solid colors. Used to add color(s) to a printed product without having to print with four color process.

Swatch Bookbooklet containing samples of paper or ink colors

Trim Marksmarks added to a copy and printed along with the other copy to show where the sheet will be trimmed